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Catalogue 



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Lincoln University 



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CATALOGUE 



OF 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY 



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CHESTER COUNTY, 



PENNSYLVANIA, 



FOR THE 



-AJO^IDEIIVLia-A-ILj YZELA-IR,, 1894-95. 



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PHILADELPHIA: 
The Jas. B. Rodgers Printing Company, 

52 and 54 North Sixth Street. 
1895. 



THIRTY-NINTH ACADEMICAL YEAR. 



THEOLOGICAL COMMENCEMENT, Tuesday, April 16, 1895. 

COLLEGIATE COMMENCEMENT, Tuesday, June 4, 1895. 



4tO-e£:>0» ^> - 



FORTIETH ACADEMICAL YEAR. 



OPENING COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT, ..... September 26, 1895. 
OPENING THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT, .... September 26, 1895. 

CLOSE OF FIRST SESSION, December 19, 1895. 

OPENING OF SECOND SESSION, January 2, 1896. 



©Triu&feeA oj? feincoPn Uni^er$if\/. 



HON. JAMES A. BEAVER, Bellefonte, Pa. 

REV. NATHAN G. PARKE, D. D Pittston, Pa. 

THOMAS W. SYNNOTT, Wenonah, N. J. 

REV. HENRY E. NILES, D. D., York, Pa. 

REV. THOMAS McCAULEY, D. D., Chester, Pa. 

WILLIAM B. SCOTT, Esq., . . Germantown, Pa. 

REV. STEPHEN W. DANA, D. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

REV. GEORGE S. MOTT, D. D., Flemington, N. J. 

WALTER CARTER, Esq., New York, N. Y. 

REV. ISAAC tf. RENDALL, D. D., Lincoln University, Pa. 

REV. MELANCTHON W. JACOBUS, Hartford, Conn. 

REV.. ROBERT F. SAMPLE, D. D., New York, N. Y. 

HON. JOSEPH ALLISON, LL. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

REV. WILLIAM A. HOLLIDAY, D. D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

REV. GEORGE T. PURVES, D. D., . . . .-. . . Princeton, N. J., 

GEORGE E, DODGE, Esq., New York City, N. Y. 

REV. JOHN M. GALBREATH, A. M., Chestnut Level, Pa. 

CHARLES B. ADAMSON, Esq., Germantown, Pa. 

REV. WILLIAM R. BINGHAM, D. D., Oxford, Pa. 

REV. CHARLES A. DICKEY, D. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

JOHN M. C. DICKEY, Esq., Oxford, Pa. 

— - <&&+-*- 

©fficerA of tf?e S^oarE. 



PRESIDENT OF THE BOARD, 

Rev. WILLIAM R. BINGHAM, D. D., Oxford, Pa. 

TREASURER OF THE BOARD, 

J. EVERTON RAMSEY, Esq., Oxford, Pa. 

SECRETARY OF THE BOARD, 

Rev. JOHN M. GALBREATH, Chestnut Level, Pa. 



FINANCIAL SECRETARIES LINCOLN UNIVERSITY, 

Rev. EDWARD WEBB, Oxford, Pa. 
Rev. WILLIAM P. WHITE, D. D., Germantown, Pa. 



ommitfee^. 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE AND COMMITTEE ON FINANCE. 

REV. WILLIAM R. BINGHAM, D. D., Oxford, Pa. 

REV. ISAAC N. RENDALL, D. D., . . * Lincoln University, Pa. 

REV. THOMAS McCAULEY, D. D., Chester, Pa. 

JOHN M. C. DICKEY, Esq., Oxford, Pa. 

REV. JOHN M. GALBREATH, . " Chestnut Level, Pa. 



COMMITTEE ON COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT. 

REV. THOMAS McCAULEY, D. D., Chester, Pa. 

REV. NATHAN G. PARKE, D. D., Pittston, Pa. 

REV. GEORGE S. MOTT, D. D., Flemington, N. J. 

REV. WM. H. HOLLTDAY, D. D., Brooklyn, N. Y. 



COMMITTEE ON THEOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT. 

REV. STEPHEN W. DANA, D. D., Philadelphia, Pa. 

REV. HENRY E. NILES, D. D., York, Pa. 

REV. GEORGE T. PURVES, D. D., Princeton N. J. 

REV. JOHN M. GALBREATH, . . Chestnut Level, Pa. 



INVESTING COMMITTEE. 

REV. WILLIAM R. BINGHAM, D. D., Oxford, Pa. 

REV. ISAAC N. RENDALL, D. D., Lincoln University, Pa 

WALTER CARTER, Esq., New York. 



©fficerA o|? ^nAf ruction anil <S\o^emrrienf, 



Rev. ISAAC N. KENDALL, D. D., 

Mary Warder Dickey President of Lincoln University. 

Rev. GILBERT T. WOODHULL, D. D., 

Charles Avery Professor of Classical and Hellenistic Greek and New Testament Literature. 



Rev. JOHN B. RENDALL, A. M., 

John H. Cassidy Professor of Classical and Ecclesiastical Latin and Principal of th< 
Preparatory Department. 



*Rev. SAMUEL A. MARTIN, D. D., 

Wm. E. Dodge Professor of Rhetoric. 

J. CRAIG MILLER, M. D., 

Wm. A. Holliday Professor of Natural Science. 

Rev. RORERT LAIRD STEWART, A. M., 

Professor of Pastoral Theology, Evidences of Christianity and Biblical Antiquities. 

Rev. J. ASPINWALL HODGE, D. D., 

Mrs. David Brown Professor of Instruction in the English Version of the Bible. 

WALTER L. WRIGHT, Jr., A. B., 

Reuben J. Flick Professor of Mathematics and Librarian. 

Rev. WILLIAM DEAS KERSWILL, B. D., 

Henry A. Kerr Professor of Hebrew and History. 

Rev. WILLIAM R. BINGHAM, D. D., 

John C. Baldwin Instructor of Systematic Theology. 



CHARLES E. TUCKER, A. B., 

Instructor in Greek. 



Dr. Martin has accepted the Presidency of Wilson College, Chambersburg, Pa. 



GENERAL INFORMATION. 



ADMISSION AND ATTENDANCE. 

Every applicant for admission must present evidence of good moral 
character; and if from any other institution, a certificate of honorable 
dismission from the proper authorities. 

After passing satisfactony examinations in the studies required for 
admission to the Freshman or any superior class, the candidate for 
admission shall matriculate, by subscribing to the laws of the Univer- 
sity, and by the payment of a matriculation fee of three dollars. 

All students in the University are required to attend daily prayers, 
religious services on the Lord's day, and such exercises of instruction 
and recitation as may be assigned to them. 

Students regularly advanced with their classes in the courses of 
study are required to return promptly to the University at the opening 
of the session. 

AID AND SELF-SUPPORT. 

Lincoln University was founded to bring the benefits of a liberal 
Christian education within the reach of worthy colored youth of the 
male sex. 

This end is promoted here, by providing convenient buildings for 
study and residence, where young men who comply with the conditions 
of admission are welcomed and made comfortable ; and by the diligent 
training of th§ students in all the parts of such an education. 

All the income of the Institution, from endowment and from 
annual contributions, is used in favor of the students to keep the neces- 
sary charges for instruction and for living down to the lowest possible 
figure, so as to bring the benefits provided here within the reach of all 
who are willing to combine self-support with aid. 

In this Institution the college bill is only $121.50. 

Every charge in the college bill is essential. If the full amount is 
not paid by the students or for them, the benevolent fund supplied by 
the friends of the work must be divided among a smaller number. 
Any student using more than his necessities require, is taking funds for 
his own selfish uses, to which others have a right for their mental and 
spiritual improvement. His expensive or wasteful habits keep some 
other young man in ignorance, and prevent perhaps a better workman 
than himself from entering the harvest field. To take any amount of 
such benevolent funds in excess of strict necessity is selfish and dis- 
honest. No good man will gratify his own pride or indolence at the 
expense of another man's usefulness. No student could be regarded 
as a friend of the colored people who would for his own enjoyment 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



hinder other willing workers from the preparation which would give 
them the opportunity of usefulness. 

Each student is under obligations of fairness, and honor, and honesty, 
and also of benevolence, to do all he can to support himself, and thus 
aid others who are equally with himself deserving of encouragement. 

PERSONAL EXPENSES. 

An exact estimate of the personal expenses of a student, above 
what is included in the session bills, cannot be made. 

He must have Text Books for each year of the course. 

He must have a lamp, and supply it with oil, to add the evenings 
to the days of study. 

The purchase and repair of clothing is a recurring necessity. 

He cannot travel to and from the University without money to 
pay his fare. 

/ If he becomes sick there is the doctor's bill and the expense of 
medicine. 

The Literary Societies justly require annual contributions. 

The University cannot aid the student in these expenses either by 
gifts or loans. 

It is not the purpose of its patrons to relieve the student from the 
necessity of making provision for his own personal wants. 

Herein especially they exact his co-operation. 

Each student must provide beforehand to meet these necessities, or 
they will distress him. 

His indifference, or carelessness, procures his suffering. 

He should carefully estimate them, and write them down, and sum 
them up, and keep the aggregate before his thoughts. 

And besides securing home assistance, he should be industrious in 
his vacations, to increase his honest earnings in every lawful way, and 
should honorably save them for these uses. To spend his earnings in 
superfluities or in extravagances, is to squander them, and to barter 
his education for his enjoyments. 

After every effort and economy he will not escape the discipline of 
want. In enduring this discipline he is practicing a virtue. 

A manly struggle will help to subdue pride and cultivate reliance 
on God. 

In a student struggling with poverty for an education, any luxu- 
rious indulgence is a disabling vice. He must conquer it, or it will 
cripple him in his equipments and in his powers. 

His wise friends may sympathize with him in his trials, but they 
will not excuse him from the acquisition of self-denial and thereby of 
self-control. 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



The common judgment is that he who will not endure the 

TRIAL IS NOT WORTH THE HELP. 

Cigarette smoking is prohibited. 

All smoking in the halls and public rooms is forbidden. 

The whole tobacco habit is discouraged. 

The use of distilled or fermented liquors is prohibited. 

Many benevolent friends of the Negro are co-operating with the 
Trustees and Faculty in providing aid for those who will use their 
education for the good of others. Careful discrimination is exercised 
in directing this aid to individuals, so as not to weaken the sense of 
personal responsibility and self-reliance. Those who can pay their 
own bills have only to comply with the regulations, and they will be 
admitted to the standing in the classes for which their previous training 
has fitted them ; but no earnest young man of good abilities and good 
moral character, should be discouraged from seeking the advantages 
which are here offered. Applicants should apply for admission to the 
President, or to some member of the Faculty, and state in their appli- 
cation their purpose in seeking an education, what progress they have 
made in study, and their ability to meet the expenses of education. 

BOARDING. 

The students board in clubs, or in boarding-houses adjacent to the 
University. The cost of board cannot be fixed at an unvarying rate 
from year to year. During the current year board has been furnished 
for eight dollars per month. 

LIBRARY. 

The Library contains about fourteen thousand bound volumes, and 
four thousand magazines and miscellaneous pamphlets. 

The reading room which is open every day (except Sabbaths) is 
supplied with a number of daily and weekly papers, and monthly and 
quarterly reviews. 

RESIDENCE OF STUDENTS. 



Maryland, 26 

Pennsylvania, 21 

Virginia, 26 

North Carolina, 24 

South Carolina, ...... 22 

New Jersey, 7 

Georgia, 7 

Arkansas, 7 

Delaware 4 

Kentucky, 3 



Tennessee, 3 

New York, 3 

Texas, 1 

Louisiana, 1 

Florida, 1 

Mississippi, 1 

Liberia, . 2 

West Indies, 3 

Khode Island, . 1 

District of Columbia, .... 1 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



CALENDAR. 

The Academical year is divided into two sessions. A recess of one 
week is taken in the second session. 

Meeting of Presbytery of Chester, April 2, 1895. 

Recess in current year, April 4 to 11, 1895. 

Examinations in Theological Department, . . April 12 and 15, 1895. 
Annual Sermon to the Theological Students, .... April 14, 1895. 

Commencement in Theological Department, April 16, 1895. 

Inauguration of Prof. William Deas Kerswill, B. D., April 16, 1895. 

Senior Final Examination, May 3 to 10, 1895. 

Annual Examinations, May 23 to May 29, 1895. 

Anniversary of Philosophian Society, May 30, 1895. 

Anniversary of Garnet Literary Association, .... May 31, 1895. 

Baccalaureate Sermon, June 2, 1895. 

Annual Meeting of Board of Trustees, June 3, 1895. 

Class Day, June 3, 1895. 

Junior Contest, June 4, 1895. 

Commencement in the Collegiate Department, .... June 4, 1895- 

SUMMER VACATION. 

June 4th— September 86, 1895. 
THIRTY-NINTH ACADEMICAL YEAR. 

First Session Collegiate Department, September 26, 1895. 

First Session Theological Department, September 26, 1895. 

Close of First Session, December 19, 1895. 

WINTER VACATION. 

December 19th, 1895— January 2, 1896. 
Opening of Second Session in all Departments, . . . January 2, 1896. 



10 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



d>oPfegiafe ©eparfrnenf. 



FACULTY OF ARTS. 



Rev. ISAAC N. RENDALL, D. D., President. 

Psychology, Logic and Ethics. 

Rev. GILBERT T. WOODHULL, D. D., 

Charles Avery Professor of Greek. 

Rev. JOHN B. RENDALL, A. M., 

John H. Cassidy Professor of Latin. 



Wm. E. Dodge Professorship of Rhetoric. 

J. CRAIG MILLER, M. D., 

Wm. A. Holliday Professor of Natural Science. 

Rev. J. ASPINWALL HODGE, D. D., 

Mrs. David Brown Professor of Biblical Instruction. 

WALTER L. WRIGHT, Jr., A. B., 

Reuben J. Flick, Professor of Mathematics. 

Rev. WILLIAM DEAS KERSWILL, B. D., 

Henry A. Kerr Professor of History. 

CHARLES E. TUCKER, A. B., 

Instructor in Greek. 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 11 



STUDENTS. 



SENIOR CLASS. 

John W. Bird, Wilmington, Del. 

Thomas J. Blakey, » . Bowling Green, Ky. 

John C. Brock, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Jerry M. Brumfield, Bowling Green, Ky. 

Henry P. Butler, Aiken, S. C. 

Harry W. Calloway, Baltimore, Md. 

Edward B. Clarkson, Orangeburg, S. C. 

Filmore Clarkson, Coatesville, Pa. 

Cain P. Cole, Aiken, S. C. 

Mack D. Coley, Fremont, N. C. 

Thomas J. Crawford, Jonesboro, Tenn. 

Charles G. Cummings, Baltimore, Md. 

William E. Dickerson, Woodbury, N. J. 

Charles B. Dunbar, Monrovia, Liberia. 

William Ellis, Staunton, Va. 

William O. Fields, Pine Blufl; Ark. 

Wallace L. Goodridge, . . . Wrightsville, Pa. 

William E. Griffin, Baltimore, Md. 

James E. Harper, Abbeville, S. C. 

Jacob R. Howard, Baltimore, Md. 

Charles H. Hynson, Still Pond, Md. 

Henry C. Lassiter, , Wilson, N. C. 

Walter Mason, West Chester, Pa. 

William D. McKenzie, Franklinton, N. C. 

James H. McNeill, Fayetteville, N. C. 

Louis W. Oliver, Baltimore, Md. 

*Rjchard U. Porter, Chatham, Pa. 

William H. Potts, Trappe, Md. 

John S. Prigg, W T est Chester, Pa 



♦Deceased. 



12 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



SENIOR CLASS— Continued. 

Albert K. Rankin, Natchez, Miss. 

Walter J. Scott, Oil City, Pa. 

Hyman C. Smith, Viola, Del. 

William B. Stitt, Matthews, N. C. 

Thomas M. Thomas, Orangeburg, S. C. 

^Charles H. Tibbs, . . Danville, Ky. 

William P. Todd, . . Lexington, Va. 

Albert L. Tolbert, Robertsville, S. C. 

Charles W. M. Williams, Macon, Ga. 

Turner G. Williamson, Wilson, N. C. 

John H. Wilson, Danville, Va. 



JUNIOR CLASS. 

Theodore A. Auten, Somerville, N. J. 

Thomas F. Bampfield, Charleston, S. C. 

Julian J. Benton, Augusta, Ga. 

Hugh M. Burkett, Baltimore. Md. 

James W. Dawkins, Carlisle, S. C. 

Coleman E. Gibson, Winston, N. C. 

Lexius H. Harper, Augusta, Ga. 

Walter F. Hawkins, Port Deposit, Md. 

^Lemuel C. Henson, London Grove, Pa. 

James A. Hilliard, Monticello, Ark. 

fPETER P. Johnson, Franklinton, N. C. 

Morris H. Key, Baltimore, Md. 

Bollie Levister, Franklinton, N. C. 

* James W. Porter, Richmond, Va. 

William H. Randolph, Coles Ferry, Va. 

Charles H. Roberts, Louisburg, N. C. 

Robert H. Scott, Fayetteville, N. C. 

Howard F. Stanley, * Baltimore, Md. 

Aaron H. Thomasson, Monticello, Ark. 

William C. Todd, Petersburg, Va. 

James D. Turner, Baltimore, Md. 

Pink W. Watson, Palmer, Tex. 

Matthew T. Whittico, Ridgeway, Va. 

Isaac E. Wilson, Norfolk, Va. 

William G. Wilson, Abbeville, Va. 

* Deceased. f Special course. 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 13 



SOPHOMORE CLASS. 

Edward E. Barry, Oxford, Pa. 

Harry M. Collins, Oxford, Pa. 

Samuel J. Comfort, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Carroll A. Cummings, Baltimore, Md. 

John A. Davis, Winnsborough, S. C. 

James A. Deveatjx, Beaufort, S. C. 

George E. Dickerson, Wenonah, N. J. 

Darius L. Donnell, Lincoln University, Pa. 

Isaac H. Dorsey, York, Pa. 

William Drewry, Martinsville, Va. 

Edward E. Edgell, Beaufort, S. C. 

Samuel H. Eggleton, Martinsville, Va. 

John B. Exum, Eureka, N. C. 

Joel T. Fuller, Franklinton, N. C. 

John B. Gardner, Cobham, Va. 

Emmet D. Gully, Hot Springs, Ark. 

Frank M. Hendrick, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Thomas H. Jackson, Baltimore, Md. 

Frank H. Jones, Newark, N. J. 

^Charles H. Male, St. Kitt's, W. I. 

George S. Miller, Thebes, Ga. 

Amos K. Newton, Wilmington, N. C. 

*Albert K. Peabody, Little Bassa, W. Africa. 

Middleton E. Pickens, ' Winnsborough, S, C. 

James H. Press, Cape Charles, Va. 

Emile J. Bavennah, Gillisonville, S. C. 

Samuel T. Redd, Martinsville, Va. 

Lewis W. Richie, Abbeville, S. C. 

Clarence A. Robinson, Beaufort, S. C. 

William W. Sanders, Martinsville, Va, 

William M. Slowe, Philadelphia, Pa. 

William H. Spann, ... Sumter, S. C. 

Isaac R. Strawbridge, New London, Pa. 

James T. Suggs, Wilson, N. C. 

J. C. Swann, Lothian, Md. 

^Ulysses V. Thompson, Baltimore, Md. 

William W. Walker, Palatka, Fla. 

John A. White, Suffolk, Va. 

JoHtf H. Williams, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

* Special course. 



14 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



FRESHMAN CLASS. 

Rufus L. Alexander, Huntersville, N. C. 

Orabia M. Bonfield, Jamaica, W. I. 

Cabell Calloway, Jr., Baltimore, Md. 

Walter F. Cowan, Cotton Plant, Ark. 

George F. Evans, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Robert M. Gill, Wyatt, N. C 

Samuel Gray, Baltimore, Md. 

Robert S. Holliday, Fayette ville, N. C. 

John Huff, Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

^Walter A. James, Montclair, N. J. 

O'Hagan C. Jerome, Dominica, British W. I. 

Alfred O. Keen, Danville, Va. 

John E. Martin, Trappe, Md. 

Samuel S. McKinney, '. . Kirkseys, S. C. 

Raymond W. Mosely, Camden, N. J. 

Joseph D. Mullinax, Brinkley, Ark. 

Walter Penn, Chestnut Knob, Va. 

William Robinson, Lamar, La. 

Edward B. Terry, Reading, Pa. 

Harry A. Vodery, Baltimore, Md. 

John V. Whittico, Chestnut Knob, Va. 

Edward H. Wilson, Pine Bluff, Ark. 

Alfred A. Wright, .... Baltimore, Md. 



Special Course. 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 15 



REGULATIONS. 

The course of study in the Collegiate Department occupies four 
years. 

Applicants for the Freshman Class must be at least fifteen years of 
age. They will be examined in Spelling, English Grammar, Composi- 
tion of simple sentences, Geography, History of the United States, the 
Book of Genesis and the Gospel according to Mark, Arithmetic, 
especially common and decimal fractions, percentage, proportion and 
square root, Latin Grammar and Lessons, Greek Grammar and 
Lessons. 

Candidates for advanced standing will be examined in the studies 
previously pursued by the class which they propose to enter. 

The Academical year is divided into two sessions. At the end of 
each session public examinations of all the classes are held. Absence 
from an examination, except for sufficient reason, sustained by vote of 
the Faculty, will be regarded as a serious delinquency, and cannot be 
made good by any subsequent examination. 

At the close of each year, all the classes are examined, either 
orally or in writing, in the studies of that year. 

The rank of a student in his class depends on his grade in his 
recitations and examinations ; on his punctuality and constancy in 
attendance upon all exercises of instruction ; and on his deportment 
and character in all his relations as a student. 

At the close of the Senior year the members of the Senior Class are 
examined in the studies of the whole course. 

In determining the final rank of a Senior his grade in the final 
Senior examination is combined with the final grades of the previous 
collegiate years. 

COMMENCEMENT, 1895. 

The Junior contest will take place on the fourth day of June, at 
10.30 A. M. 

The Annual Commencement will take place on the fourth day of 
June, at 2 P. M. 

On Commencement day, the members of the Senior class, to whom 
orations are assigned, speak in the order of their rank ; except that the 
valedictorian, who is chosen from the highest third of the class, 
arranged according to the rank of the members, delivers the closing 
address. 



16 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



Special honorary orations are assigned, at the discretion of the 
Faculty, to members of the Senior class who may have excelled in 
particular branches of study. 

Students who complete the whole course of collegiate study satis- 
factorily to the Faculty and Board of Trustees, will receive the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts, and may obtain a diploma certifying their 
graduation. 

Al] degrees authorized by the Board of Trustees are announced by 
the Secretary of the Board and conferred by -the President of the 
University during the progress of the Commencement exercises. 

The collegiate year closes with the exercises on Commencement 
day, and is followed by the summer vacation. 



COURSE OF STUDY, 



FRESHMAN CLASS. 



FIRST SESSION. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Elements of Rhetoric. 

Algebra. 

Leighton's Greek Lessons. 

Goodwin's Greek Grammar. 

Leighton's Latin Lessons. 

Allen & Grenough's Latin Grammar. 

Bible. — Pentateuch. 

History. 



Elements of Rhetoric. 

Algebra. 

Csesar (Gallic War). 

Leighton's Greek Lessons. 

Anabasis. 

Bible. — Pentateuch . 

History. 



SOPHOMORE CLASS. 



FIRST SESSION. 



SECOND SESSION. 



Principles of Philology. 

Critical Study of English Classics. 

English History. 

Algebra. 

Physical Geography. 

Physics. 

Sallust. 

Xenophon (Anabasis). 

Bible. — Historical Books. 



English Classics. 

Geometry. 

Physical Geography. 

Physics. 

Cicero. 

Anabasis, continued. 

Bible. — Historical Books. 

English History. 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



17 



JUNIOR CLASS. 



FIRST SESSION. 

Trench on Words. 

Logic. 

Geometry. 

Chemistry and Physiology. 

Virgil. 

Arnold's Latin Prose Composition. 

Homer (Odyssey), and Memorabilia. 

Bible — Historical Books. 



SECOND SESSION. 

Rhetoric and Philology. 

Logic. 

Trigonometry. 

Physiology and Chemistry 

Tacitus. 

Arnold's Latin Prose. 

Homer, or Memorabilia. 

Bible — Historical Books. 



SENIOR CLASS. 



FIRST SESSION. 

History of English Literature. 

Essays and Reviews. 

Psychology. 

Plato's Crito. 

Horace. 

Trigonometry. 

Geology. 

Bible — Poetical Books. 



SECOND SESSION. 

History of English Literature. 

Analytic Geometry. 

Theism. 

Ethics. 

Plato, Lysias. 

Horace. 

Evidences of Christianity. 

Social Science. 

Astronomy. 

Bible — Gospel History. 



ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE. 

The student, on entering the Freshman Class, must be well 
acquainted with the essentials of English Grammar. The first half 
of the Freshman year is devoted to review of syntax and exercises in 
parsing and analysis of sentences. The elements of rhetoric are then 
taught, and at the end of the Freshman year the student must be able 
to write English correctly and in good literary style. 

The principles of philology are taught at the beginning of the 
Sophomore year, and made familiar by the critical study of English 
classics. Bunyan, Milton and Shakespeare are taken as representative 
English authors, and the works are studied with the care usually 
bestowed on the Latin and Greek classics. This study of English 
classics extends over the whole of the Sophomore and Junior years, 
and is kept in close connection with a thorough course in rhetoric and 
philology. 



18 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



During the Senior year the history of English literature is studied 
by text-book and direct examination of the standard literature of 
all ages. During the whole course, essays, reviews and criticisms are 
required very frequently. 

LOGIC. 

Logic is taught in the Junior year. The Logic of Dr. James 
McCosh, of Princeton, is used as a text-book. Special attention is 
paid to the nature and formation of the notion. The discernment of 
the student is constantly tested by practical examples in judgment and 
in mediate inference. His proficiency is promoted by exercises in 
current reasonings on various topics and in common fallacies. And he 
is trained in the application of the laws of thought to the common 
judgments and maxims of men. 

PSYCHOLOGY. 

The student is assisted to make a survey of the whole field of the 
soul's activities, and is made acquainted with its distinctive powers and 
faculties, by text-book and oral instruction. 

The emotions are studied in the groups in which human language 
presents them. The nature of the emotions is discussed in lectures and 
verbal examinations. 

The will is studied by the analysis of arbitrative, elective, and res- 
olute decisions of the mind. 

MORAL SCIENCE. 

All these departments of Psychology lead to Moral Science as their 
noblest application. Here the student is directed to study and apply 
the law of right and duty as resting on the authority of God, whose 
will, revealed in whatever way, is the test and law both of all opinion 
and of all obedience. 

THE ENGLISH BIBLE. 

The Authorized Version of the English Bible is studied by all the 
classes in all the departments of the University. The Minion 12mo. 
Ref. edition of the American Bible Society is an inexpensive and suit- 
able text-book. The student needs also Cruden's Concordance, un- 
abridged, and a reliable Bible Dictionary. 

For admission to the Freshman class, applicants are required to 
pass a satisfactory examination in Genesis and the Gospel of Mark. 

During the Collegiate years the course of study embraces the his- 
torical and poetical portions of the Bible. Special attention is given 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



19 



to the mutual relations of the several books, and especially their pre- 
sentations of the different aspects of one plan of salvation by Jesus 
Christ. The committing of Scripture to memory is regarded as an 
important part of the course. 

MATHEMATICS. 

The Freshman year and the first term of the Sophomore year are 
devoted to the study of Algebra. The text-book is Well's University 
Algebra. Euclid is used as the text-book in Geometry. Special 
emphasis is laid upon the demonstration of original theorems and 
problems. 

The essential principles of Trigonometry are carefully studied, 
including their application to the measurement of heights and the 
surveying of land. Instruction is given in the practical use of sur- 
veying instruments, the determination of heights, and the measurement 
of areas. 

Wentworth's text-book is used in Analytic Geometry. The course 
includes the study of the straight line, the circle, the parabola, the 
ellipse and the hyperbola. 



NATURAL SCIENCE. 

The studies at present embraced in this department are Physiology, 
Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Physical Geography, Geology and 
Astronomy. 

Physiology and the allied sciences, Anatomy and Hygiene, are 
taught by lectures with the aid of a text-book, and illustrated by skele- 
ton, plates, casts and microscope. It is the design of the instructor to 
give a course which will be of practical use to the students in after life. 

Natural Philosophy and Chemistry are taught as much as possible 
by means of experiments with Physical and Chemical appliances. 

The course on Physical Geography is such as is usually given in 
colleges. 

In Geology and Astronomy the aim is to teach the student as much 
as is usually known of these branches by educated persons, and suffi- 
cient to furnish a ground-work for further attainments, should any see 
fit to pursue them further. 

HISTORY. 

In the Freshman year a study is made of the general history of 
the world from the beginning of ancient history to the present century. 
The aim of this course is to make the map of history stand out clearly 
before each student, so that he may not only have a comprehensive 



20 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



view of the history of the world as a whole, but also a distinct idea of 
the relative and causal connection between the great events of history. 
The text-book used is Freeman's General Sketch. 

In the Sophomore class the History of England is studied. Special 
attention is given to tracing the great social, political and religious 
movements which have affected the English people, aud have left a 
permanent mark upon their life and institutions. The text-book used 
i3 J. R. Green's " Short History of the English People." 

CLASSICAL GREEK. 

Instruction in this department extends through the whole Collegiate 
Course. Special effort is made in the later years of the course to rise 
above details of construction to the criticism of the thought and style 
of the authors read, and to secure to the student the advantages of 
exactness and precision in his own thinking, and of readiness and pro- 
priety in expression. 

LATIN. 

The authors read are Caesar, Sallust, Virgil, Horace, Cicero and 
Tacitus. The course also includes Arnold's Latin Prose Composition, 
and selections from various authors. 

The students in the early part of their course are thoroughly 
drilled in the analysis of sentences and grammatical structure. After 
this the questions are largely philological, and derivation receives 
special attention. 

When the Poetic authors are reached, the students give attention 
to versification, while the Mythological references of Virgil and of 
Horace are carefully studied. 

The Professor of Rhetoric has requested that, as far as it might be 
conveniently done, the valuable rhetorical suggestious of Horace might 
be emphasized. This is done, and thus the various departments of 
instruction are made to help each other. The latter portions of the 
course furnish occasion to bring out the style and spirit of their authors. 

HONORS FOR THE YEAR 1893-94. 

The Junior Contest took place in Livingstone Hall, on Tuesday, 
June 5th, 1894. The contestants appointed by the Faculty were as 
follows : 

Kentucky. . . . Our Responsibility. 

South Carolina. . A Restless Nature 

New Jersey. . . Means to an End. 

Liberia The World Call. 

Maryland. . . . Advancement the Watchword. 

Maryland. . . . Moral Courage. 



Jerry M. Broomfield, . 

Cain P. Cole, 

William R. Dickerson, 
Charles B. Dunbar, . . 
James E. Harper, . . . 
Charles H. Hynson, . 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 21 



The first prize, a gold medal, marked A, was awarded to Cain P. 
Cole, Maryland. 

The second prize, a gold medal, marked B, was awarded to Charles 
B. Dunbar, Liberia. 

The Bradley Medal, for highest average grade in Natural Science, 
during the Senior year, was awarded to Julian F. Blodgett, of 
Georgia. 

The English Prize, for the best grade in English during the Sopho- 
more year, was awarded to Thomas F. Bampfield, of South Carolina. 



COMMENCEMENT APPOINTMENTS. 

Class of 1894. 

William Davis, Texas Valedictory. 

William W. McIIenky, . Pennsylvania Latin Salutatory. 

Julian F. Blodgett, . . Georgia Classical Oration. 

Joshua P. Murphrey, . North Carolina. . . . Philological Oration. 
William H. Vick, . . . North Carolina. . . . Historical Oration. 

William H. Thomas, . . Rhode Island Philosophical Oration. 

Samuel P. Cowan, . . . Arkansas, ...... Physical Oration. 

Lewis J. McClellan, . . Pennsylvania Mathematical Oration. 

John M. Howerton. . . Virginia Biblical Oration. 



The degree of A. B., in course, was conferred on the following 
members of the Senior class. Their names are printed in the order of 
their rank : 

William Davis, Texas. 

William W. McHenry, Pennsylvania. 

Julian F. Blodgett, Georgia. 

Joshua P. Murphrey, North Carolina. 

Samuel D. Wingate, . Pennsylvania. 

James A. Browne, Georgia. 

William H. Vick, North Carolina. 

George R. Brabham, South Carolina. 

James S. Lennon, Connecticut. 

William H. Thomas, Rhode Island. 

Robert J. Morris, Pennsylvania. 

Samuel P. Cowan, Arkansas. 

Thomas H. Thomas, Rhode Island. 

Richard L. Lucas, . . . Virginia. 

Abram J. Jackson, Pennsylvania. 

Augustus S. Clark, North Carolina. 

Lewis J. McClellan, ...... Pennsylvania. 

Edward J. Wheatley, Maryland. 



22 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



Perry W. Sewall, Maryland. 

Jefferson C. Anderson, New York. 

Frank M. Hyder, Tennessee. 

Charles II. Morton, Virginia. 

Charles S. Oliver, Maryland. 

Edward J. Dickerson, New Jersey. 

William F. Bronough, Virginia. 

William O. White, Maryland. 

Edward P. Brown, Virginia. 

John M. Howerton, Virginia. 

William M. Berry, Maryland. 

Thomas Jefferson, Virginia. 

Alexander P. Stanford, Maryland. 

Samuel A. Penn, Virginia. 

Oscar H. Massey, . Pennsylvania. 

Kichard D. Weeks, Delaware. 

Walter Shanks, Arkansas. 

George N. Marshall, Virginia. 

Nathaniel L. Edwards, • . North Carolina. 

William H. Pipes, Maryland. 

Samuel W. Johnson, Pennsylvania. 

Samuel A. Potts, Maryland. 

Stephen D. Leak, North Carolina. 



EXPENSES. 

First Session. 

Tuition $10 00 

Coal, 5 00 

Furniture, 2 50 

Library, 1 00 

Board and Washing, 31 50— $50 00 

Second Session. 

Tuition, $15 00 

Coal, 8 00 

Furniture, 2 50 

Library, 1 00 

Board and Washing, 45 00— $71 50 

$121 50 

LITERARY SOCIETIES. 

The Garnet Literary Association and the Philosophian Society 
raeet every Friday evening. The literary exercises consist of speaking, 
composition and debate. All the members are required to take part in 
these exercises. The Societies are governed by laws adopted by them- 
selves, and administered by officers chosen from their own members, 
under the general supervision of the Faculty of Arts. 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 23 



preparatory ©eparfrnenf. 



The Preparatory Department has not been opened during the current year. 



Several students in preparatory studies have been under the care of the 
University in other schools. 



24 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



(UfteoPogieaf ©eparTmertf. 



FACULTY OF THEOLOGY. 



Rev. ISAAC N. KENDALL, D. D., President. 
Christian Ethics. 

Rev. GILBERT T. WOODHULL, D. D., 

Charles Avery Professor of Greek and New Testament Literature. 



William E. Dodge Professor of Sacred Rhetoric. 

Rev. J. ASPINWALL HODGE, D. D., 

Mrs. David Brown Professor of Instruction in the English Version of the Bible. 
Rev. ROBERT LAIRD STEWART, A. M., 

Professor of Pastoral Theology, Evidences of Christianity and Biblical Archaeology. 

• 

Rev. WILLIAM DEAS KERSWILL, B. D, 

Henry A. Kerr Professor of Hebrew and Church History. 

Rev. JOHN B. RENDALL, A. M., 

Professor of Ecclesiastical Latin. 

Rev. WILLIAM R. BINGHAM, D. D., 

John C. Baldwin Instructor of Systematic Theology. 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 25 



STUDENTS 



SENIOR CLASS. 

David S. Collier, Abbeville, S. C. 

George R. Coverdale, Germantown, Pa. 

Howard T. Jason, . . Hockessin, Del. 

*Amos P. M. Johnson, Holly Beach, N. J. 

*Ephraim A. Johnson, Camden, N. J. 

Dublin B. Miller, Mcintosh, Ga. 

^Robert Murray, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Albert R. Rideout, Baltimore, Md. 

Charles E. Tucker, New Berne, N. C. 

JOSIAH P. WOOLRIDGE, TrOY, S. C. 

MIDDLE CLASS. 

William H. Clark, Wilson, N. C. 

Thomas Coleman, Augusta, Ga. 

Stephen C. Doby, Camden. S. C. 

William H. Freeland, Mebane, N. C. 

Alonso S. Gray, Enterprise, S. C. 

John H. Hayswood, Louisburg, N. C. 

Albert Sydney Long, ... Fran kl intern, N. C. 

William R. Williams, Norfolk, Va. 

* 

JUNIOR CLASS. 

* Albert Barnes, Washington, D. C. 

Julian F. Blodgett, Augusta, Ga. 

George R. Brabham, Beaufort, S. C. 

Augustus S. Clark, Wilson, N. C. . 

William Edwards, New York, N. Y. 

fJoiiN M. Howerton, Scottsburg, Va. 

Frank M. Hyder, Johnson City, Tenn. 

*Alonzo Jason, Hockessin, Del. 

Thomas Jefferson, Staunton, Va. 

Samuel W. Johnson, Marietta, Pa. 

Thomas H. Lackland, Farmville, Va. 

John H. Locklier, New York City. 

*James S. Lee, Baltimore, Md. 

Stephen D. Leak, Troy, N. C. 

Oscar H. Massey, Allegheny, Pa. 

Charles H. Morton, Staunton, Va. 

Charles S. Oliver, Baltimore, Md. 

Samuel A. Penn, Chestnut Knob, Va. 

Stephen A. Potts, Trappe, Md. 

Perry W. Sew all, Baltimore, Md. 

William H. Thomas, Providence, R. I. 

William O. White, Baltimore, Md. 



English Course. f Deceased. 



26 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



REGULATIONS. 

The course of study in the Theological Department occupies three 
years. 

Applicants for admission to the privileges of the Theological 
Department must present evidence of membership in good standing 
in some Evangelical church. 

Students who complete the full course of theological study to the 
satisfaction of the Faculty and the Board of Trustees will receive the 
degree of Bachelor of Sacred Theology and a diploma certifying their 
graduation. 

All persons not graduates of the Collegiate Department of Lincoln 
University, or of some other Collegiate institution, applying to be 
admitted to this department as candidates for the degree of S. T. B., 
must pass a satisfactory examination in the collegiate studies. But 
applicants who have not pursued a course of classical training may, 
at the discretion of the Faculty, be admitted to particular classes, or 
to the English course of instruction. Such students, on leaving the 
University, will be entitled to certificates in evidence of their attend- 
ance on instruction, and of the time spent in study. 

The Academical year is divided into* two sessions. At the close of 
the second session the students are examined on the studies of the 
current year. 

COURSE OF STUDY. 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

Homiletics. Sacred Geography. 

New Testament Introduction Biblical Archaeology. 

History of English Version. Hebrew. 

Life of Christ. Apologetics (Natural Religion). 

Systematic Theology. Ecclesiastical Latin. 

MIDDLE YEAR. 

Systematic Theology. Exegesis (Epistles). 

Biblical Archaeology (Historical The Gospels (Life of our Lord). 

Evidences). Ecclesiastical History. 

Homiletics. Church Government. 

Pastoral Theology (Pastoral Pauline Epistles. 

Epistles). Pastoral Theology. 

Hebrew and Introduction to Apologetics. 

the Prophets. 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 27 



SENIOR YEAR. 

Systematic Theology. The Acts. 

Homiletics. Pastoral Theology. 

Hebrew and Introduction to Church Government. 

the Poetical Books. Bible (Prophecies). 

Ecclesiastical History. Polemics. 

Exegesis (Epistles). Apologetics. 

Throughout the course particular attention is paid to the prepara- 
tion and delivery of sermons. 

ENGLISH COURSE. 

FIRST YEAR. SECOND YEAR. 

Homiletics. Homiletics. 

Life of Christ. Biblical Antiquities. 

Systematic Theology. Systematic Theology. 

Sacred Geography. Pastoral Theology. 

Apologetics. Church Government. 

Ecclesiastical History. Ecclesiastical History. 

Polemics. Bible (Pauline Epistles). 

Ethics 



ENGLISH BIBLE. 

The design of the Board of Trustees in establishing this Chair is to 
secure that no student shall be graduated from the Theological De- 
partment of this Institution without acquiring a thorough knowledge 
of the Bible in the English language. 

To this end the Board of Trustees has enjoined it upon the Faculty 
of Theology to inquire the students under the direction of the incum- 
bent of this Chair to read the whole Bible carefully and studiously, 
and to commit to memory such passages as may be assigned to them 
with this design. 

Instruction is given on the versions of the Sacred Scriptures, espe- 
cially on the history of the English Version. The fourfold record of 
the life of Christ, the Epistles of Paul and the Prophetical books of 
the Old and New Testaments are carefully taught. The information 
is imparted in a practical form, that it may be of service to the young 
men as teachers, preachers and pastors. Before entering the Theologi- 
cal course the student is expected to be familiar with the historical and 
poetical portions of the Scriptures. And while in this department 
they should read the whole Bible with studious and reverent attention. 



28 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



CHURCH GOVERNMENT. 

The various forms of Church Government, which exist in the 
Church are minutely considered and compared witli the principles of 
government laid down in the Bible. 

The details of Presbyterian Polity and Modes of Discipline are 
theoretically and practically taught. 



HEBREW. 

Hebrew is taught throughout the three years : 

The Junior Year is given to acquiring an exact knowledge of 
the language, the black-board being constantly used in teaching. The 
grammatical peculiarities of the language and a vocabulary compris- 
ing Hebrew words of most frequent occurrence are gradually acquired ; 
these are practically applied from the first in writing Hebrew prose 
upon the board in the class-room, and corrected before the class or in 
writing exercises at home. 

Dr. Green's large Hebrew Grammar is in the hands of each student 
as a permanent reference book. Gen. i-xii. is read during the latter 
part of the session, also some selections as sight-reading. 

In the Middle Year a careful, exegetical study is made of some 
portion of the Prophetical Books — this year the Book of Zechariah. 
Sight reading is pursued in other portions of the Prophetical Books. 
Introductory Lectures are delivered upon the Minor Prophets, en- 
deavoring to set forth the circumstances and the exact import of each 
book. 

In the Senior Year some portion of the Poetical Books is 
studied exegetically — this year the Messianic Psalms and Job, chapters 
i-vi. Other selections from the Poetical Books are read at sight- 
reading. 

Introductory Lectures upon the Poetical Books are delivered to 
the Senior Class. 

A carefully prepared Hebrew Critical Exercise upon some passage 
of the Old Testament is required of each member of the Senior Class. 

CHURCH HISTORY. 

Church history is taught throughout the Middle and Senior Years, 
covering in the two years the History of the Christian Church from 
Apostolic times to the present. 

The aim of the course is not to notice every detail, but to place 
such emphasis upon the important events and transitions of various 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 29 



periods as will make each student able to state clearly and exactly the 
cause and nature of all such events, and to enable him to take an 
intelligent survey of the whole field of the Church's existence. 

Each student is required to write a carefully prepared thesis each 
year upon some assigned subject within the sphere of the year's work ? 
requiring independent research. 

Middle Year. — From Apostolic Times to the Protestant Refor- 
mation. 

Senior Year. — From the beginning of the Protestant Reforma- 
tion to the Present. 

The Text-Book in both years is " Fisher's History of the Christian 
Church." 

NEW TESTAMENT LITERATURE. 

The Manuscripts and Canon of the New Testament. Special In- 
troduction to the new Testament Books. The life of our Lord and 
Harmony of the Gospels. New Testament Grammar and Exegesis. 

PASTORAL THEOLOGY. 

The course of study in Pastoral Theology will cover two years of 
the curriculum, and has been arranged with a view to the practical 
treatment of every phase of activity and influence which belongs to the 
Christian Pastorate. 

Special emphasis will be given to the subjective training of candi- 
dates for the holy office ; and, with this end in view, the Pastoral Epis- 
tles will be carefully studied at the beginning of the course. 

CHRISTIAN EVIDENCES. 

The range of studies under this head will include, in general, the 
grounds of Theistic and Christian belief. 

The aim will be to present in connected form the evidences — drawn 
from all sources — of natural and revealed religion. 

In connection with the study of Biblical Archaeology one session 
will be devoted to the evidences of the truth of the Sacred Scriptures 
from the monumental records of the past. 



BIBLICAL ARCHEOLOGY. 

A definite and accurate knowledge of the Social, Religious and 
Political Life of the Nations of the East in Bible times will be the 
object of this study? 

Special attention will be given to the rapidly accumulating testimo- 



30 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 

nies of modern discovery and research ; and, whenever necessary, the 
subject matter of the text book will be supplemented by lectures and 
stereopticon illustrations. 

The topography and general features of the lands of the Bible will 
be carefully studied in the first session of the Junior Year. 

Analyses of the subjects treated, outline maps, and essays on 
special themes, will be required during the course. 

SYSTEMATIC THEOLOGY. 

Systematic Theology is begun in the Junior Year, and continued 
through the entire course. For the present, Rev. Wm. R. Bingham, 
D. D., is conducting this course of instruction. "The outlines of The- 
ology," by Dr. A. A. Hodge, is used as a text book. 

The students are diligently instructed in the Decreto Centric Sys- 
tem of Theology, embodied in our Westminster Standards. The exer- 
cises of the Class Room often assume the form of mutual question and 
answer for the sake of a clearer insight into the difficulties and their 
more satisfactory collation. The aim is always to trace the truth 
received to its source in the Bible as the very word of God. 

ECCLESIASTICAL LATIN. 

One hour a week in Ecclesiastical Latin is assigned to the Junior 
Class. The day has not yet come when Protestant Christians can 
afford to lay aside the knowledge of the tongue in which the Latin 
Church publishes its dogmas and decrees to the world for information, 
if not for obedience. Our own Church still exacts a Latin Thesis from 
her candidates for the ministry. As a part of this course such a Thesis 
is required of each member of the Senior Class. 

SACRED RHETORIC. 

The purpose of this department is two-fold: First, to form in the 
mind of the student a high and correct ideal of gospel preaching. To 
this end he is first made familiar with the theory of preaching, using 
Dr. Broadus' " Preparation and Delivery of Sermons," as a text-book. 
He is then required to study the lives and works of some of the great 
preachers of ancient and modern times, and to write reviews of the 
same. In connection with this work he is made acquainted with the 
standard hymns of the Church, with their history and authorship. 

Second : to cultivate the best means of reaching this ideal. The 
student is trained to write in a clear and simple style. He is next 
required to analyze texts assigned to him, and to construct skeletons of 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



31 



sermons. At the beginning of the second year, some book of the New 
Testament is selected, the whole book analyzed, and a number of ser- 
mons written during the year covering the whole contents of the book. 
In assigning these subjects, care is taken to give opportunity for exer- 
cise in expository sermonizing as well as topical and textual. 

During the Middle and Senior Year, the students are required to 
preach without manuscript. 

THE ENGLISH THEOLOGICAL COURSE. 

In the year 1876 the Board of Trustees of Lincoln University 
addressed the following memorial and overture to the General Assem- 
bly of the Presbyterian Church : 

" The Board of Trustees of Lincoln University, deeply interested 
in the condition of the Freedmen, and convinced that their continued 
destitution of an authorized educated ministry is a reproach to the 
Church and a source of danger to the country, respectfully urge the 
General Assembly to devise and adopt some practical plan to supply 
this want ; and overture the Assembly to consider and act upon the 
following propositions : 

"First. — Kesolved, That this Assembly recognize it as the impera- 
tive duty of the Church to send the Gospel to the Freedmen without 
delay. 

" Second. — That while in the considerate judgment of this Assembly 
the regulations embodied in the fourteenth chapter of the Form of 
Government respecting the trial of candidates for licensure are an 
authoritative guide to Presbyteries in determining their qualifications, 
they do not supercede the discretion of the Presbyteries in the respon- 
sibility of committing the ministry of the word to faithful men. 

" Third.^—Th&t all Presbyteries providentially brought into rela- 
tions with the Freedmen be hereby advised to license all colored men 
of whose call to preach the gospel they may be satisfied, and whose 
training and abilities they may deem sufficient to qualify them for this 
sacred work. 

"Fourth. — That the Board of Education be instructed to assume 
in behalf of the Church the pecuniary responsibility of educating in a 
thorough course of Theological studies in the English language all 
colored candidates for the ministry recommended to their care by the 
Presbyteries." 

To this memorial and overture the Assembly returned the following 
answer : 

" First. — The Assembly has no authority to modify the regulations 



LINCOLN U N I V ER8 1 T Y . 



of our Form of Government in respect to qualifications of licentiates, 
so as to make provision for any class of exceptional cases. At the 
same time the Assembly recognizes the propriety of the exercise, by 
Presbyteries, of a wise discretion in their administration of the func- 
tions intrusted to them by the Church, in view of the great work to be 
done by our Church among the colored people in this country. The 
Assembly specially accords such discretion to those Presbyteries which 
are providentially brought into special relations to that work ; mean- 
while, in view of the experience of several years, enjoining upon such 
Presbyteries the obligation to take great care lest incompetent or 
unworthy men be admitted into the ministry of our Church. 

" Second. — This General Assembly does not deem it wise to modify 
the existing rules governing the Board of Education in the aiding of 
candidates for the ministry in our Church. The Assembly, however, 
earnestly commend the exceptional cases, referred to in the overture, 
to the sympathy and charity of the Churches, and trust that the 
friends of our work among the Freedmen will suffer no worthy young 
man, devoting himself to that work, to fail for lack of pecuniary aid." 
— Minutes of the General Assembly, 1876. 

This answer of the General Assembly virtually affirms the first 
proposition, that it is the duty of the Church to send the Gospel to the 
Freedmen without delay. The Assembly specially accords to particular 
Presbyteries discretion in licensing, as preachers of the Gospel, candi- 
dates who have been exercised in a thorough course of Theological 
studies in the English language, according to the second and third 
propositions. And although the Assembly did not instruct the Board 
of Education to adopt a wider policy in supporting colored candidates 
for the ministry, its past policy, which has been so liberal, was not 
restricted. The education of colored men in a thorough course of Theo- 
logical studies in the English language was commended by the Assembly 
to the sympathies and charity of the churches and friends of our work 
among the Freedmen. 

The English course in the Theological Department occupies two 
years. It embraces the same studies as the full course, with the excep- 
tion of the Greek and Hebrew Scriptures. 

ECCLESIASTICAL RELATIONS. 

By the charter of Lincoln University, the Theological Department 
is placed under the care of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian 
Church, in conformity with the general plan adopted for the supervi- 
sion of Theological Seminaries. The General Assembly which met in 
Chicago in May, 1871, accepted the oversight of the Theological De- 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 33 



partments of Lincoln University as provided in the charter, and 
approved the appointments and proceedings of the Board of Trustees, 
as reported at that time. The laws of Lincoln University require that 
any action of the Board of Trustees, affecting the Theological Depart- 
ment, shall be reported to the General Assembly by the Secretary of 
the Board. The Faculty of Theology is also required to prepare for 
the information of the General Assembly an annual report of their 
work of instruction, and of all matters of interest respecting the 
Theological Department. 



EXPENSES. 

FIRST SESSION. 

Coal, $ 5 00 

Furniture, 2 50 

Board and Washing, 31 50— $39 00 

SECOND SESSION. 

Coal, $ 8 00 

Furniture, 2 50 

Board and Washing, 31 50— 42 00 

Total for the year $81 00 



Theological and Missionary Society. 

The Theological and Missionary Society meets every Friday even- 
ing for exercises connected with Ministerial and Missionary work. 
The room occupied by the Society is supplied with a library of general 
and special commentaries, and furnished with religious and missionary 
periodicals. 



34 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



Senegal Statement 



Lincoln University is in Chester County, Pennsylvania, half a 
mile from Lincoln University station, on the Philadelphia and Balti- 
more Central Railroad. That part of Chester County in which the 
University is situated is notably free from malarial and pulmonary 
diseases. The institution is well removed from associations which tend 
to prevent high literary attainments and hinder the formation of a 
high moral character. The post-office, where the Resident Professors 
should be addressed, is 

LINCOLN UNIVERSITY, 

Chester County, Pa 

The corporate title of this institution is "Lincoln University." 
Bequests intended to promote the work of this University will be 
legally valid under that title. To the title add the place to prevent 
confusion with other Institutions having the same prefix. 

The first charter of this Institution was granted by the State of 
Pennsylvania, under the title of " Ashmun Institute," in 1854. In 
1866 the title was changed by amendment of the charter to "Lincoln 
University." The Theological Department was, by another change 
of the charter in 1871, placed under the control of the General 
Assembly of the Presbyterian Church. 

The property of Lincoln University consists of land, buddings, 
endowments and apparatus. 

LAND. 

Seventy-nine acres in Lower Oxford, Pa. 

BUILDINGS. 

The Chapel. The Mary Dod Brown Memorial Chapel contains 
an audience room for Sabbath services capable of seating four hundred 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 35 



persons ; a Prayer Hall for daily use communicating with the chapel 
by sliding frames ; and two class-rooms similarly connected with the 
Prayer Hall. 

University Hall is designed exclusively for Recitation purposes. 
It is heated by steam throughout. Its ventilation has been carefully 
regarded. The Chemical and Physical Rooms are in the basement* 
and have concrete floors rising toward the rear to give a full view of 
experiments. They are furnished with water pipes and chimney ven- 
tilation. Provision has been made in them for the preservation of the 
valuable apparatus of the University, and for experimental instruction 
in these departments of Natural Science. 

This building is directly opposite the chapel, and with it presents 
an imposing appearance at the entrance to the campus. 

Livingstgn Hall is for commencement assemblies, and will seat 
one thousand persons. 

Ashmun Hall contains dormitories for students. 

Lincoln Hall contains dormitories for students; and the Jani- 
tor's apartments 

Cresson Hall contains dormitories for students ; and the library 
and reading room. 

Houston Hall contains dormitories and study rooms for the 
Theological students, and the room for the Theological and Missionary 
Society. 

There are nine residences for the Professors. 



AIMS. 

Among the instrumentalities through which the friends of the 
Negro may convey to him the blessings of education, Lincoln Univer- 
sity especially deserves the confidence of the Christian public. She was 
the first to enter this field. Lincoln University was chartered to give 
a liberal Scientific, Classical and Theological education to colored youth 
of the male sex in 1854, six years before the war which resulted in 
emancipation. A liberal Christian education was the policy adopted 
by Lincoln University for the elevation of our colored population before 
the body of them became freedmen. 



36 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



We are still doing a large share of the higher work. Worthy 
applicants are knocking at our doors, eager for the benefits here 
afforded. To the extent of our resources we turn no worthy man 
away who desires an education for the sake of the good he can do 
with it. 

It is certain that colored men will exert a large, and it may fairly 
be assumed, a controlling influence in forming and directing the cur- 
rents of opinion, and the gulf stream movements of industrial, social, 
educational and religious progress among these increasing millions of 
our population. It cannot be reasonably expected that their leaders 
should guide them along the lines of the common life of our whole 
people unless they are themselves educated, their principles established, 
and their opinions moulded in intelligent, conscious and consenting 
harmony with the public life of the nation. 

Their wise friends will not attempt to force their education into 
narrow channels while the education of the more favored classes as 
conducted in our colleges and seminaries of learning, is constantly ex- 
panded by an almost boundless generosity. To withhold the means 
of their liberal education, while we lavishly use them for the education 
of others, will arouse the suspicion that we design to keep them in an 
inferior position by fitting them for an inferior office. The trusted 
leader of colored troops would have to be drilled in all the tactics of 
modern warfare, and the leaders of this unorganized, agitated army 
of colored thinkers, who are now meditating how they will vote, and 
what they will undertake equally need to be drilled in all that makes 
thinking exact and safe. If their leaders are to co-operate with the 
leaders of this nation, they must be helped into agreement with them 
by a similar education. 

It is the purpose of the Trustees and Faculty of Lincoln University 
to communicate without stint and without delay all the advantages of 
a liberal Scientific, Classical and Christian education to such young 
men, according to our means and ability, in the conviction that this is 
fair to them : that their needs are the same as ours ; and that as God 
has given them the ability to acquire all the parts of such education, 
making no difference between them and us in natural endowments ; so 
He will give them grace to use the power which accompanies education 
for the enlightenment and moral elevation of their own people and for 
the highest good of our whole people. 

RESULTS AND NEEDS. 

More than five hundred young men have been sent out from the 
Preparatory Department and from the lower classes of the Collegiate 



LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 37 



Department, many of whom are engaged in important positions as 
teachers in the Southern States. 

Four hundred and ninety-five have been graduated from the Colle- 
giate Department, after a course of instruction extending through four 
and in many cases seven years. Most of these graduates are engaged 
in professional and educational labors in the Southern States. 

Two hundred and sixteen of the students of Lincoln University 
have received ordination as ministers in Evangelical Protestant denom- 
inations. 

Thirteen of our students have gone to Africa as missionaries of the 
cross. Three young men from Liberia are now in the Univesity. 

The University is consecrated to the glory of God and the good of 
man. It has received the endorsement of all who are acquainted with 
its work. The friends of the education of " colored youth " are cor- 
dially invited to investigate its plans and operations, and co-operate 
with its officers in conferring the benefits of a liberal and Christian 
culture on those who prize and so much need this blessing. 

The whole work of Lincoln University needs immediate enlarge- 
ment. A comparatively small addition to her funds would greatly in- 
crease her power for usefulness. Lincoln University is a living, growing 
Institution. It is a mistake to think, that because her resources are in- 
creasing, her needs are becoming less. Our needs are as the needs of 
the people for whom we are working. The need of Christian teachers 
and ministers is only just beginning to be felt, and is by no means 
overtaken. If we are doing any good, there is the same reason for in- 
creasing our efficiency. A college that has no wants has no vigor of 
life. 

The attention of considerate friends is invited to the following 
special wants : 

The separate and adequate endowment and equipment of the Theo- 
logical Department. This would require about two hundred and fifty 
thousand dollars. A beginning could be made with a smaller sum. 

The endowment of the Chair of Mental and Moral Science. 

The more adequate endowment of the existing Chairs of Instruction. 

The provision by endowment for the care and improvement of the 

4-„ „j? ±1, „ tt„: :*.„ 



property of the University. 



38 LINCOLN UNIVERSITY. 



A domestic laundry. A system of safe lighting. An adequate 
water supply. 

The completion of the one hundred Scholarships for the perpetual 
education of worthy young men, whose diligence, talents and piety give 
promise of usefulness. Twenty-two or one-fifth of them have already 
been endowed. 

On taking possession of our new commodious Hall of Instruction, 
the attention of the friends of the institution is called to the need of 
apparatus for the Scientific Department, particularly for the branches 
of Physics and Chemistry. 



THE LIBRARY. 

Immediate provision ought to be made for the preservation, 
enlargement and use of the Library by the erection of a suitable 
building. The Library contains about fifteen thousand volumes. They 
are exposed to the risk of fire in a building used as a dormitory. It 
was erected as a residence for one of the professors, and is not strong 
enough to bear the increasing weight of so many books. The linear 
space available for the books will not contain more than 6,000 volumes. 
The students who need every facility for consulting the library of the 
Institution, are suffering a constant disadvantage from this want. 




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